Paediatric Sleep Disorders: Diagnosis and Treatment

Paediatric sleep disorders represent highly common phenomena that often interfere with daily patient and family functioning. Interest in and treatment of sleep disturbances in youth continues to increase, but research continues to lag. A recent survey indicated that paediatricians were more likely to prescribe antidepressant medications for insomnia than psychiatrists. Further investigation is needed to develop empirically based detection and treatment of paediatric sleep disorders. Parasomnias result in disruption of an existing state of sleep. Arousals, partial arousals, and sleep-stage transition impositions define this category. An alternative definition of these phenomena describes deviated behavioural or physiologic events that transpire during sleep, specific sleep stages, or sleep-wake transitions. Insomnia or excessive sleepiness is uncommon in parasomnias despite intrusion upon sleep; these symptoms are characteristic of dyssomnia. Most parasomnias affect otherwise healthy youths and commonly subside over the course of adolescence. These disorders are typically viewed as transient developmental phenomena, though children with parasomnias have been found to display higher rates of sleep-onset delay, night awakenings, bedtime resistance, and reduced sleep duration compared to a community control group. Medical-psychiatric–associated sleep disorders comprise the neuropsychiatric conditions that typically include sleep disturbances. This category has been eliminated in DSM-5 but should still be considered by the clinician when evaluating sleep disorders. The medical differential should include the following: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Pervasive developmental disorders, Mental retardation, Down syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, Smith-Magenis syndrome, Tourette disorder, Nocturnal asthma, Depressive disorders, Anxiety disorders, Mania , Neuromuscular disorders, Nocturnal seizures ,Kleine-Levin syndrome,Chronic fatigue syndrome, Headaches, Blindness with associated sleep disorder. Conference series is organising conference on pediatric sleep medicine conference which is called as 2015 sleep conference

  • Pediatric sleep medicine
  • Gizmos and Gadgets: Using Technology to Enhance the Care of Patients with Sleep Disorders
  • Pediatric behavioral sleep medicine
  • Nighttime Settling Difficulties in Children: Physiological Insights
  • Management of pediatric sleep apnea
  • Sleep problems among children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder
  • Sleep Disorders in Children With Tourette Syndrome

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